WHAT IS IT: The so known as “Golden Ring of Russia” is a symbolical ring connecting historical cities and cities to the North-West of Moscow. They constitute 1,000 years of wealthy Russian records written in stone and wood, from an 850-12 months old church in Rostov to a 19th-century log house in the Suzdal’s open-air museum. Each of the “golden” cities as soon as performed a vital function in the history of Russia and was linked in a single way or every other with famous historical figures consisting of Alexander Nevsky, Ivan the Terrible, Peter the Great and lots of others.
Aleksandrov (based in 1530, population sixty-eight,000) – The metropolis is located one hundred km from Moscow on the crossway of historic roads from the most important historical centers of Russia – Vladimir and Suzdal, Rostov and Yaroslavl, Sergiev Posad and Pereyaslavl-Zalessky. In 1564- 1581 the metropolis became the house of Ivan the Terrible. The first actual in Russia publishing house became installed in Aleksandrov in 1576. One of the leading textile manufacturing centers in Russia in the nineteenth century.
Bogolubovo (based in 990, population 4,000) – a tiny quiet metropolis close to the metropolis of Vladimir. The metropolis changed into named after the Russian prince Andrey Bogolubsky (God-loving) who built the first fortified agreement right here in 1165. Tourists can see remains of the Andrey Bogolubsky’s house including a few residential chambers of the 12th century and the stunning Church of the Intercession of the Virgin at the Nerl (1165) that are taken into consideration to be one of the greatest specimens of old Russian architecture.
Gorohovets (founded in 1239, populace 30,000) – The city changed into founded beneath Vladimir prince Andrey Bogolubsky. The town is picturesquely settled on the high financial institution of the Klyazma River. Played function as a fortified forepost till 1600-s. Reached its developmental pick inside the 17-the century as a local center for blacksmithing, textile-making and the making of leather-based and additionally as an agricultural change center for grains and flax.
Gus-Khrustalny (based in 1756, populace eighty,000) – Over 2 hundred years ago a merchant constructed here the first workshop of glass casting. Today the metropolis is one of the district facilities of Vladimir location, famous in Russia and overseas because of the countrywide middle of glassmaking. The name Gus-Krustalny may be literally translated as Chrystalline Goose. The antique part of the city is a workmen’s agreement of 1900-s. With its very own Church of St. Joachim of 1816.
Kholuy (founded 1650, populace 1,000) – The village of Kholui did now not begin producing lacquered miniatures until the 1930s, and although iconography has been a crucial alternate in the vicinity in preceding centuries, Kholui become by no means certain to any unique creative culture. Rather, Kholui miniatures percentage a few developments with each Palekh and Mstera artwork, but keep a one-of-a-kind lyrical great in their very own. Sometimes, as with Palekh miniatures, Kholui miniatures will include a few exceptional golds and/or silver ornamentation in the portray, and Kholui artists can create splendid border ornaments on par with the ones of Palekh.
Kostroma (based in 1213, population three hundred,000) – In the past Kostroma was referred to as “the flax capital of the north”; it provided Europe with the arena’s finest sail-fabric. The town has been also referred to as because of the “cradle of the Romanov dynasty”. Mikhail Romanov, the primary of the Romanov dynasty, left the Ipatievsky Monastery for Moscow in 1613 to end up tsar of Russia. During the Polish intervention within the turbulent years of the early seventeenth century, Kostroma was a vast stronghold for the resistance movement. Nowadays Kostroma is an essential industrial center (textile, metallic works), a capital town of the Kostroma province.
Mstera (based in 1628, populace 6,000) – the city takes its call from the little Msterka River, which flows via it merging with the Kliyazma. It is in Vladimir Region, but now not a long way from the border with Ivanovo Region, south of Palekh and Kholui, in breathtakingly beautiful nation-state – the one that bureaucracy the backdrop to its paintings. Mstera turned into a respected center of icon production until the exchange changed into banned after the Revolution of 1917. Since then its artists have been creating world-well-known masterpieces inside the shape of lacquered miniatures.
Murom (founded 862, population a hundred forty-five,000) – one of the oldest Russian cites stretched alongside the left financial institution of the Oka river. The city’s name originates from “neuroma”, one of the Finno-Ugric tribes lived right here 15 centuries in the past. Every Russian knows the call Ilya Muromets. He became a mythical epic hero protecting humans of Russia and later became a synonym of advanced bodily and nonsecular strength and integrity, dedicated to the safety of the Homeland. The metropolis survived three Mongol invasions. In the 17th century, Murom has become an essential center of numerous crafts – building, portray, sawing.
Palekh (based 1600, populace 6,000) – the village is located about 400km (250 miles) from Moscow in the Ivanovo vicinity. In the fifteenth century, it turned into one of the first centers of icon drawing change. After the 1917 communist coup, while the icon enterprise went down, Palekh masters tried to enhance wooden toys, dishes, porcelain, and glass. These days the call of Palekh is almost synonymous with the artwork of Russian lacquer.
Pereslavl-Zalesskiy (founded in 1152, population 45,000) – one of the oldest Russian towns, the birthplace of the famous Russian prince Alexander Nevsky, who defeated an army of German knights in 1242. Zalessky approach “in the back of the woods”. That is where, at the back of the dense forests, historical Slavic tribes retreated searching for a safe haven from antagonistic nomads coming from the South-East.
Plus (based in 1410, population 4,000) – this quiet little historic town is positioned at the financial institution of the robust and beautiful Volga river. During the reign of Ivan, the Terrible Plus turned into one in every of the most important river first providers to the kings’ court docket. In the 18-nineteenth centuries, the city has become known as a famous hotel and changed into often referred to as “Russian Switzerland” for the beauty of its surroundings. Numerous Russian artists such as the well-known grasp of landscapes Levitan used to return right here to paintings.
Rostov Veliky (Rostov the Great, founded in 862, populace 40,000) – another pearl of historic Russian tradition. In old Russia, handiest towns had been referred to as Veliky (exceptional). One changed into Novgorod, the well-known alternate center of Russia’s north, the alternative Rostov. In the twelfth century, Rostov grew to equal Kiev and Novgorod in length and significance. Modern Rostov is a sleepy antique town with a few amazing buildings next to the shallow Nero lake.
Sergiev Posad (founded in 1345, population a hundred and fifteen,000) – the nonsecular center of Russia, residence of the Patriarch of the Russian Orthodox Church, wherein the stays of the first countrywide saint, Sergei Radonezh, rest. In the coronary heart of Sergiev Posad is a nicely-preserved remarkable architectural ensemble of over 50 ancient homes, as well as impressive artwork collections which includes old Russian portray and the treasures within the vaults of the previous Trinity Monastery.
Suzdal (based in 1024, populace 12,000) – this little quiet metropolis is an actual gem, one of the maximum lovely within the Golden Ring series of cities and cities. In the 11th century, Suzdal has become the very first forest of Christianity in North-Eastern Russia and drastically affected the nonsecular lifestyles in Russia until the cease of 19 century. Here you could locate over a hundred church and secular homes relationship from the mid-twelfth to the mid-nineteenth century crowded right into a vicinity of nine square km.